Farm area/size of the organisation:
Number of workers:
Farm main activity:
Since 2009, when the farm entered organic production, they have tried to improve the soil, increase water use efficiency and enhance nutrition.
Thus, they applied green manure, incorporated pruning waste and plant material, and also maintained vegetation covers, with the aim of creating a layer of surface humus. Since then, they have evolved in terms of management, maintenance and the machinery used to carry out the work.
They have a drip irrigation system with a programmer and solar panels, which has been complemented with a micro-sprinkler system.
Conversion to organic production can reduce the production of an existing plantation or delay the entry into production of a new plantation.
In the case of Jesús, the conversion was made from year 5, which minimised the impact on the entry into production and on the profitability of the crop.
The vegetation covers improve soil conservation, reducing soil erosion.
In addition, biodiversity and the presence of auxiliary fauna to control pests and diseases have been boosted.
Irrigation efficiency has been enhanced by improving soil capacity and the use of tools (programmers, drippers, solar panels).
The presence of sandy loam soils has required more effort and time to improve their structure and fertility than clay soils.
The proximity to the sea means that in times of drought, saline concentrations increase in groundwater resources.
Technical knowledge in organic farming is needed in order not to fall into trial and error.
Knowledge of innovations in organic agronomic tools is needed to avoid being limited by the constraints traditionally associated with organic farming.
The transition to organic management requires conviction and patience; critical voices and environmental pressures arise at hard times.
Most farmers see grass as a competitor to the crop, but it is difficult to change this mentality towards seeing grass cover as an ally.
In addition to mulching, there are commercial alternatives such as amendments with humic acids, fulvic acids, leonardites or commercial organic compounds in gel or pellet format.
The risk of changes in climatic cycles will make it necessary to identify varieties and/or rootstocks that are better adapted to these changes and to the appearance of new pests and diseases.
These initiatives had important effects: reduced water consumption, increased biodiversity, improved soil fertility and structure, soil conservation, etc.
However, in recent years there have been climatic variations related to the temporal and spatial distribution of rainfall, which are affecting flowering.
Probably these measures are more widespread outside Spain. Anyway, implementation is based on the conviction that these measures have a positive impact.
Soil management does not have immediate results, so we must be aware of this in order not to despair and not to abandon measures that will have an impact in the long term.
Ecological management makes it possible to defend better prices, but this type of production requires higher production costs and lower yields.
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