Soc. Agr. La Fagiana

Drip Irrigation On Rice

>
>

Soc. Agr. La Fagiana

Case Study Contents

About Farm

Farm Name

Soc. Agr. La Fagiana

Year of foundation

1920

Location

Veneto, Venezia province

Farm area/size of the organisation:

Large (> 100 ha)

Number of workers:

5 – 20

Farm main activity:

General field crops

Climate and soil characteristics

1 km from the coast, cropping area under drainage, silty-loam soil

Measure Information

Description of the measure

Micro irrigation on rice with dripping wings every 80 cm and emitters with every 30 cm for having uniform water application.Use of soil moisture probes as decision support. 15 ha equipped.

Six soil moisture probes installed and used for automated water application.

Objective of the measure

To increase the production of rice due to increased demand.

Justification of the choice

It allowed to crop rice in marginal fields, even without water.

Moreover, Carnaroli rice cropped by the farm is sensitive to fungi and sprinkler irrigation was then not suitable (since wet leaves could develop fungi). Drip irrigation is then better.

Where did You get information of the measure from?

Development of the idea after a University thesis. Technology proposed by NETAFIM producer after visiting the farm.

Description of the situation before the measure implementation

They were not cropping rice in the fields where nowadays the technology was applied.

Stakeholders

Stakeholders involved

NETAFIM

Description of stakeholders’ role

NETAFIM is working on the technology together with the farm for experimenting the technology together with the farm. Technicians are also coming from Israel (NETAFIM is Israeli).

Implementation phase

Description of the survey done for the implementation

15 ha irrigated, with a system divided in 8 sectors, allowing at the delivery maximum water depth of 12 mm/day (double of the maximum estimated daily evapotranspiration). System planned for 3 hours irrigation per sector.

Materials used

  • Driplines with emitters every 30 cm
  • 1 l/h emitters
  • Flexible pipes
  • Automatic irrigation controllers
  • 3-elements disc filter, self-cleaning

Costs for the implementation

  • 800 – 1300 E/ha for the materials (The 1300 E/ha cost include the assistance from the provider)
  • 200 E/ha for the maintenance

Utilization of subsidies

FEASR funding (PSR in Italy)

Implementation / building

Standard drip irrigation installing

Required maintenance operations

Pipes substitution, pipe maintenance, check and maintenance of controllers, pump standard maintenance

Recommended knowledge / skills / training / courses / education desired before starting the measure implementation:

Skills in the control and removal of parasite plants of rice. They are not present in flooded rice (ponding water prevent the growing parasites plants, but drip irrigation not).

Impacts

Reduction of 60% of water demand, and of eventual expenses for water.

Possibility of cultivating rice in soils adequate only to lower value.

Communication of the technique for marketing.

Reduction of CH4 emissions (rice pads are CH4 emitters).
The technology can impact positively the increasing global water demand for rice production (rice is the first cereal consumed at global scale).

Higher production costs.

Can induce non-homogeneous water application at the field scale.

Innovation

Innovation elements

Use of drip irrigation to droop rice with limited water

Key element for success

Good quality of the filer and of driplines since the water volumes applied are high and there is also a high amount of sediment

Constraints

Physical constraints

Potential problems if the water has fine sediment dissolved.

Problems given by parasite plants that grow because the field is not flooded.

Technological constraints

Difficult to have homogeneous water application in the early stages of drop development. Such inhomogeneity can cause difference flowering time and crop development

Acceptance constraints

Some resistance from the National Rice Authority, since this technology is not the traditional crop system for rice, that has some environmental co—benefits (groundwater recharge). This might also be due to the low quality of the experiments of dry rice cropping realised before this one.

Proposed solutions to above constraints

For the parasite plants: carry out appropriate control.
For the sediments: hand-cleaning of the filters
For the water application non-homogeneity: use a good number of soil moisture probes.
For the acceptance resistance: demonstrate the technology in real life and not in experiments that are not carefully managed by farmers

Lesson learned

Farmers’ experiences

“Apply a lot water in the early stages of the crop, since the root system has to develop adequately”

“Never let the soil dry, if the soils dry and it gets compacted (especially if the soil is heavy) it is difficult to reach a good water application after”

“Pest should be managed according to the phenological stage, that has a different timing with respect to the flooded rice. So the pest management should be ad-hoc and not based on the traditional timing”

Testimonies

“We made a test in 2020 with fertigation by applying less water, but it was unsuccessful”

“System automation can be a drawback if it is not working properly, and if it is not working it is better to go without”

Measure sustainability

Environmental sustainability

The application of drip irrigation reduces CH4 emissions

Economical sustainability

The technology is sustainable if the farm is not only producing rice but also transforming it.

With the technology proposed, the rice can be cropped in marginal lands. Rice is much more valuable than all the other crops that you can usually cropped in these areas (e.g. maize)

Transfer of the measure

Replicability conditions required

Water should be available all the year round and on demand, even if it is not that much.

Additional Required Conditions for spreading the measure

The technology is being tested all around the world (including dry areas), so the technology is widely out scalable. There are no limitations related to climate and soil.

Conclusion remarks

Future plans

Future research is needed.

Open problems

Improving the functioning of controllers and soil moisture probes. The system is currently very fragile.
Improve the control of fungi and parasite plants

Advice/recommendations

Ask the support of technicians expert on drip irrigation

AGRIWATER project has been funded with the support from the European Commission, with the reference number 2020-1-CZ01-KA204-078212. The content of this website reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Privacy Policy

At AGRIWATER we take the protection of your personal data very seriously. Our purpose is to protect the privacy of the data you provide us and to comply with the current regulations on the protection of personal data.

In compliance with the Act 3/2018 of 5 December on the Protection of Personal Data and Guarantee of Digital Rights transposing Regulation (EU) 2016/679, we inform you of the following information about our privacy and data protection policy:

Who the controller of the processing of your data?

The organization responsible of your data is Asociace soukromeho zemedelstvi Ceske republiky, ID E10133738. This is a non-governmental organization located in Prague, Czech Republic.

Address
Samcova 1177/1
11000
Praha 1

Telephone
+420266710413
+420266710414

Email contact
marketa.sandova@asz.cz

What is the purpose of the treatment?
  • To respond to requests, complaints and incidents transferred through our contact channels incorporated in the website.
  • To understand the behaviour of the navigator within the web in order to detect possible computer attacks on our web.
  • Comply with legal obligations that are directly applicable to us and regulate our activity.
  • To protect and exercise our rights or to respond to complaints of any kind.
  • Submission of newsletters regarding the goods or services that make up the activity of the responsible person or news related to his activity.

 

What is the legal base of the treatment?

The legal basis for the treatment of your data is the consent of the data subject under article 6.1 a) of the Regulation, as well as the legitimate interest of the data controller under article 6.1 f) of the Regulation.

The data we request from you are adequate, relevant and strictly necessary and in no case are you obliged to provide them to us, but their non-communication may affect the purpose of the service or the impossibility of providing it.

For how long do we keep your data?

Your data will be kept for the time required for the proper provision of the service offered, as well as to meet the responsibilities that may arise from it and any other legal requirement.

Which recipients will receive your data?

In the course of processing your data, Asociace soukromeho zemedelstvi Ceske republiky may share your data with:

On Projects Advising SL, as web management and maintenance service providers.

What are my rights?
  • Right of access: the right to obtain confirmation of whether personal data is being processed, as well as the right of access to such data.
  • Right to rectification of personal data.
  • Right to erasure
  • Right to limitation of processing
  • Right to data portability
  • Right to object: the right to object to data being processed.

The controller retains the right to restrict the rights set forth in Article 23 of the EU Regulation, if such restriction is provided to safeguard, in particular fundamental rights and freedoms and is a necessary and proportionate measure.

Where can I make a complaint?

If any interested party considers that their data are not being treated correctly, they can send their complaints to the following e-mail address; kristyna.strnadova@asz.cz, Asociace soukromeho zemedelstvi Ceske republiky.

The data subject declares to have acquired all this information.

Cookies Policy

What are cookies?

A cookie is a file that is downloaded and executed on your computer, phone, or mobile device when you access certain web pages. Cookies allow a website, among other things, to store and retrieve information about user’s browsing habits and recognize the user depending on the information they contain and the way they use their computer.

Cookies do not harm your computer and are necessary to facilitate navigation.

What are cookies used for on our website?

Cookies are necessary for our website to work properly. The purpose of our cookies is to improve the user’s browsing experience. They can be used to remember your preferences (language, country, etc.) during navigation and on future visits.

The information collected in the Cookies also allows us to improve the website and adapt it to the individual interests of users, speed up searches, etc.

What types of cookies does our website use?

Analysis Cookies: These, if they are used properly by us or by third parties, allow us to quantify the number of users and thus perform the measurement and statistical analysis regarding the users’ usage of our service.

Advertising Cookies: These, if they are used properly by us or by third parties, allow us to manage as effectively as possible the supply of advertising space on the website, adapting the content of the advertisement to the content of the service requested or to the use you make of our website.

What we will NOT use cookies for

Our cookies do not store information about your personal identification, address, password, credit or debit card details, etc.

Who uses the information contained in these cookies?

The information stored in the website’s cookies is used exclusively by us, apart from those identified below as “third party cookies”, which are used and managed by external entities to provide us with services to improve our own services and the user’s experience when browsing our website.

Third party cookies are mainly used to obtain statistics and to guarantee the payment operations are carried out.

Can I prevent cookies from being used?

Yes, firstly, you must disable cookies in your browser and, secondly, delete the cookies stored in your browser associated with this website.

You can restrict, block, or delete cookies from this website at any time by modifying your browser settings. This setting is different for each browser. For more details on the configuration of cookies in your browser, please consult your browser’s “Help” menu.

It is possible that some of the website’s features may no longer work if you disable cookies.

List of cookies that our website uses
Technical and customization cookies

These Cookies are used to identify the user during the session, prevent the user from having to repeat authentication processes on the website, speed up some website processes, remember selections made during the session or on subsequent accesses, remember pages already visited, etc.

COOKIES

PURPOSE

DURATION

MANAGEMENT

User identification

They are used to identify and authenticate the user. They also contain technical data from the user session, such as connection timeout, session identifier, etc.

Session

AGRIWATER

Session identification

They identify the user’s http session. They are common in all web applications to identify requests from a user’s session.

Session

AGRIWATER

Navigation status

They help identify the user’s browsing status (login, first page, first access, scroll status, voting status, etc.).

Session

AGRIWATER

Navigation analysis cookies

These Cookies obtain generic information about users’ accesses to the website (not the content of the same) to subsequently provide us with information about these accesses for statistical purposes.

COOKIES

PURPOSE

DURATION

MANAGEMENT

Google Analytics (__utma, __utmb, __utmc, __utmd, __utmv, __utmz, _ga…)

They allow website statistic’s tracking through the Google Analytics tool, which is a service provided by Google to obtain information about user access to websites. Some of the data stored is: number of times a user visits the website, dates of the user’s first and last visit, duration of visits, from which page the user accessed the website, which search engine was used or which link was clicked, from which part of the world the user accessed the website, etc. The information generated by the cookie about your use of the website will be directly transmitted and stored by Google Inc (a company located in United States). The configuration of these cookies is predetermined by the service offered by Google, so we suggest you consult the Google Analytics privacy page, for more information on the cookies it uses and how to disable them (keep in mind that we are not responsible for the content and accuracy of third-party websites).

Persistent

Third Parties